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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

292
BYZANTINE CHURCHES
the city and dedicated to the same saint. The absence of all reference to the monastery of S. Michael of Charisius after the reign of Justinian, and yet the association of a church of S. Michael with the Chora after his reign, may be due either to the ruin of that monastery in the earthquake of 5585 or to the subsequent union of the two establishments on account of their proximity.
The next important event in the history of the House was the confinement there of the celebrated general Priscus, Count of the Excubiti, at the command of the Emperor Heraclius (6IO-64I).1 Priscus had taken a leading part in the revolution which overthrew his father-in-law, the infamous Phocas, and placed Heraclius upon the throne. But notwithstanding that service,* the attitude of the general towards the new regime was not considered satisfactory, and with the cruel taunt, c Wretch, thou didst not make a good son-in-law ; how canst thou be a true friend ? ' Heraclius relegated him to political nonentity by forcing him to become a monk at the Chora. The new brother did not live long, but his wealth furnished the fraternity with the means for the erection of a large and beautiful church,
Schmitt, indeed, thinks that the biographer of S. Theodore, already cited, failed to recognise the identity of the person concerning whom he wrote, and assigned events which occurred in the time of Heraclius to the reign of Justinian. According to Schraitt, S. Theodore is really Priscus under his name in religion, and to him, and not to Justinian, was the Chora indebted for its first great era of prosperity. One thing is certain, the splendid church with which the biographer of S. Theodore was acquainted, and the wealth and beauty of which he extols in extravagant terms, was not the church erected by Justinian at the Chora. The latter was a basilica ; 2 while the church alluded to in the biography of S. Theodore was a domical building.3 Probably the fame of Justinian veiled not only what others had done for the Chora before him, but also the services performed by others after his day.
1  Banduri, iii. p. 54;  Codinus. De aed. p. 121 $ x&pa irp&rov fit
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2  Niceph. Greg. iii. p. 459,                                           8 Schmitt, p. 28